Top 12 Software Development Methodologies You Should Know

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Would you like to make your development workflow more structured? The choice of the best methodology for your product organization's software development depends mainly on your team size, targets, and other criteria.

Methodologies for software development play a crucial role in software development. For its day-to-day operations, custom software development businesses use several methods.

Each of them has certain perks and downsides. The fundamental goal of these methods is to ensure the seamless development of software in line with project specifications.

The development methodology for software is a framework for structuring, planning, and control of an information system's process development. The primary worry of this development technique is that it has no technical side, but requires good software development planning for the development cycle.

Top 12 Software Development Methodologies

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Waterfall Model

The waterfall is the most classic and sequential choice in the field of software development. Although it is commonly considered to be an "old school" or an antiquated approach, the history and structure of Waterfall can still be better understood to grasp the flexibility of more recent methodologies. The waterfall was first established in 1970, due to its plan-driven approach and was one of the most important approaches for several decades.

A lot of organization and documentation are needed in the case of the waterfall. They are separated into phases or steps of their own. It is essential that developers and customers understand the needs and scope of the project before anything begins. The first phase is important.

The steps are quite rigorous and frequently follow this sequence: define the requirements and scope of the project, analyze them, design, implement, test, deploy and lastly maintain them.


DevOps is a prominent concept that is garnering great attention as it provides its clients with unequivocal benefits. The siloed development and operations process is not the same as the start of DevOps. Both departments work as one team for all processes during the whole life cycle. This works for all companies simultaneously. Continued integration and continuous delivery allow development and operational teams to perform all in development, quality assurance, safety, and other activities simultaneously.


In reaction to rising problems with Waterfall and other highly organized, inflexible techniques, the agile methodology was established. This strategy is aimed at adapting to change and making the program more quickly. Agile values persons and their relationships and interactions with tools; provides customer collaboration throughout the process of developing; responds to change rather than to a defined plan, and concentrates on the presentation of working software and not paperwork. Agile is a collaborative and efficient team, together with internal feedback from multiple departments and customers. The Agile strategy, in which teams are regularly providing working, tested, priority characteristics, gives customer satisfaction the greatest priority.

Prototype Methodology

The Methodological Prototype is a development approach for software, which only allows developers to produce a solution prototype to show customers its capabilities. Make any necessary adjustments before using this process to construct the actual application. The best benefit of this way of software development is that it solves a multitude of problems that often take place in a traditional waterfall model.


Scrum takes on Agile's basic ideas and the mindset of teams and developers to work together strongly and every day as another technique to execute the Agile approach. With Scrum, the software is developed with an iterative approach where the team is a center. Self-organizing and self-management are necessary so that experienced and disciplined workers on smaller teams can find the most success.

Extreme Programming

Extreme Programming (or XP) another Agile framework aims at delivering software of better quality, which applies best practices in the creation of software. XP provides frequent releases in short development sprints, which can stimulate change if necessary, as with most Agile techniques. XP often follows a set of values, not steps, including simplicity (development of what is needed, nothing else); communications (teams must work and collaborate on each piece of software).


Lean is both an approach to the workflow and an attitude that incorporates and broadly applies principles and practices from the production sector to a number of industries including software development. Although Agile is a fantastic technique to use best practices for development, it does not contain guidance on how to scale or implement these principles across the organization like lean.

Future driven development

Feature-driven development is an iterative process for the development of software designed by big teams working on an object-based project. This type of model is ideal for firms that go from a phase-based approach to an iterative process, also referred to as the FDD methodology. Rapid application development Rapid application development (RAD) is an excellent technique that delivers considerably more rapid development and results than other software development methodologies. It is created such that the development of software easily takes full use of it. The major goal of this methodology is to speed up the whole development of software. The objective is easily achieved since it enables the active engagement of users in the process of development.

Spiral model

The Spring Methodology is a sophisticated model which focuses on early diagnosis and risk minimization. In this approach software development developers then analyze the risks associated with the project on a small scale, prepare to deal with the risks, and eventually choose to take the next step in the project to complete the next spiral. The success of any Spiral Lifecycle model hinges on the sound, attention, and know-how of the project management.

Dynamic System Dev. Model

A software development technique originally based on the Rapid Application Development Methodology is the dynamic system development model. This strategy is iterative and progressive, emphasizing the constant involvement of users. Its main purpose is to provide timely and budgetary software systems. This concept is simply based on the idea that nothing is fully established in the first attempt and sees it as a process that is constantly changing.

Joint Application Dev. Methodology

Joint Application Development (JAD) is a user interface development approach for the definition of demands and in order to design software systems for end-users, customers, and developers. This approach seeks to involve the customer in the design and development of an application. JAD sessions are easy to achieve defined objectives through a series of workshops. The major aim of this model is not technical specifics but the resolution of the business challenge. It is, therefore, best suited to establishing business processes.


The preceding approaches for software development are quite significant and are utilized mainly for several software projects. In addition, in certain projects, all these methods function well, depending on the nature of the project. Often, a methodology suitable for a single project may not be suitable for a particular project. Moreover, none of these methods is infallible, as each one has its advantages and disadvantages. Software developers must-have information on all of these approaches before selecting any of these software development strategies. A competent software development business is advisable to consult for better results.


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